El Paso is a city in Texas in the United States of America.
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|Status||United States of America|
|Inhabitants||674,433 (estimate 2013), 649,121 (2010 census)|
|Phone Prefix||+1 915|
El Paso, second only in San Diego among U.S. cities on the border with Mexico, stands in front of the Mexican city of Ciudad Juárez. The two cities form a trans-national metropolitan area, also called El Paso-Juarez Borderplex, of over 3 million people, divided by the Rio Grande river.
40% of the population speaks Spanish and the city is the largest bilingual area in the western hemisphere.
El Paso, surrounded by the desert of Chihuahua, lies at the intersection of three states (Texas, New Mexico, and Chihuahua) and two nations (USA and Mexico). It's the most eastern part of the Range Region basin. The steep North Franklin Mountain mountain has its peak at 2,192 meters above sea level, and it's the highest peak in the metropolitan region of El Paso: the peak can be seen from almost 100 kilometers from all directions.
With 9,700 hectares, the Franklin Mountains State Park is the largest urban park in the United States, and it's entirely in El Paso.
When to go
El Paso has a dry climate, with hot summers (with low humidity) and cold winters. The highest temperature record in the city was 46 °C, and its lowest was -22 °C.
The sun shines 302 days a year, on average, in El Paso: And that's why the city is called "The City of the Sun."
In 1659, the Spanish founded the settlement of El Paso del Norte on the opposite side of the Rio Grande, now called Ciudad Juárez. The importance of the city, and the reason for its founding, was that it was the only land crossing (bridge) on the Rio Grande River for more than two centuries to get from Mexico to Texas. The area where El Paso stands today was uninhabited until around the mid-18th century. The Texas revolution of 1836 didn't touch the area at all, and it began to be populated by Mexican settlers and Anglossons. The Guadeloupe-Hidalgo Treaty of 1848 established a definitive separation between the two sides of the Rio Grande. In 1850, El Paso County was created, and four years later, a military camp was formed called The Post El Paso. During the American civil war, the confederates occupied the area but were rejected by California Column in 1862. At the end of the conflict El Paso began to develop, thanks to the arrival of important railway lines such as Southern Pacific and Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe. Thousands of new inhabitants arrived in the new city, among them priests, businessmen, but also pistolera and prostitutes. El Paso became infamous with violence and business mischief, with prostitution and gambling among the city's main businesses. With the Mexican Revolution, a large number of refugees and refugees arrived in the city.
How to orient
The city of El Paso is divided into areas of its own style and culture:
- Central Zone (Downtown)
- East side
- West side
- Northeast (Northeast)
How to get
The city is served by El Paso International Airport, which consists of 15 gates in 2 terminals. The airport has eight companies and 10 fixed destinations.
The city was served on the road transport level by Interstate 10, the U.S. Route 54 (Patriot Highway), the U.S. Highway 62, the U.S. Highway 85, the U.S. Highway 180, the Spur 601 (Patriot Expressway), the Loop 375 (which It links Northeast El Paso with West El Paso with Transmountain Road, Loop 478, several Texas Farm-to-Market Roads, and the oldest carriageable road in the city, Texas State Route 20. El Paso also shares 5 international bridges (including one railway bridges) with Ciudad Juárez in Mexico.
The city is served by the interstate rail service, Amtrak, which, with Sunset Limited, links it with New Orleans and Los Angeles three times a week.
As for the public transport system, the city can rely on the Sun Metro Transit system, a bus service throughout the city. El Paso county has also organized a bus system to the east of El Paso.
How to move
What to see
- Museum of Archeology (El Paso Museum of Archaeology). It's on the east side of the Franklin Mountains, in the desert terrain very similar to the pre-Columbian society that it depicts. In addition to permanent archeological finds, the museum offers a series of conferences and exhibitions, natural pathways to explore the region's flora, fauna and geology.
- Museum of History (El Paso Museum of History). A permanent collection on the story of El Paso, composed of five galleries representing 400 years of history on the U.S. - Mexico border. The two tunnels of the first plan are dedicated to Mexico, to the first Spanish exploration before the arrival of Mayflower and to the fire brigade of El Paso. The galleries on the second floor have an exhibition space dedicated to individuals and businesses that have influenced life in El Paso, a series of ancient artifacts, stories and photos of neighborhoods
- 1 Museum of Art (El Paso Museum of Art). The museum's heritage combines a strong focus on the region's artistic reality with international works; It consists of five collections, which are distinguished by both origin and artistic themes.